Wilderness experience programs such as Petty Creek Ranch have demonstrated remarkable efficacy and positive outcome rates in serving adolescent populations with severe conduct disorders, emotional problems, and addiction issues. Extensive literature and research over the past 30 years suggests that this therapeutic modality is capable of facilitating a substantial change in the behavior of participants while also helping improve their self-reliance, resiliency, and leadership skills. Originally designed as a method of helping clients who have a deeply rooted resistance to authority and who have exhausted other treatment approaches, wilderness therapy draws upon its setting to create a situation in which clients experience an initial disempowered feeling and fear that makes them follow the directions of the “field guides.” Without force or coercion, field guides are able to illicit a compliant and cooperative attitude from participants who are typically frightened, angry, and viewing treatment as a punishment. The immediate dependency the participants place on the field guides disrupts their perception of authority figures, enabling them to develop a new relationship with those in charge. Over the course of the wilderness expedition, participants befriend the field guides and are able to process many lessons as they learn new skill sets.